Fob Shipping Point And Destination


how to calculate fob shipping point

Thus, the sale is recorded when the shipment leaves the seller’s facility, and the receipt is recorded when it arrives at the buyer’s facility. This means there is a difference between the legal terms of the arrangement and the typical accounting for it. FOB Shipping Point or ‘Free on Board Shipping Point’ or ‘FOB Origin’ is a shipping term indicating that a buyer must pay for the delivery of the goods.

how to calculate fob shipping point

FOB determines at which point of the transport, obligations, charges and risks shift from the seller to the buyer during the delivery of goods. The company that holds legal title to merchandise during the trip from seller to buyer normally incurs all transportation costs. If no other arrangements are negotiated, “FOB shipping point” means that Rider Inc. as the buyer pays shipping. “FOB destination” assigns this same cost to Builder, as the seller. FOB is only used in non-containerized sea freight or inland waterway transport.

Fob Shipping Point

The freight is paid by the buyer if the terms are “FOB shipping point. The seller pays the freight if it is “FOB destination point”. It essentially indicates who is liable and responsible for goods if they are damaged, lost or destroyed during shipment. FOB states that the Free On Board is one of the most common incoterms, so it’s expected for business owners to have a firm grasp of what FOB is. FOB shipping essentially indicates who fob shipping point is liable and responsible for goods if they are damaged, lost, or destroyed during shipment. FOB states that the seller should pack the goods and deliver and load them onto the ship fully cleared for export. The cost and risk of the shipment are transferred to the buyer only after the goods are on board safely at a mutually agreed upon shipping port. The shipper is free of any obligation regarding the goods once they are on the ship.

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  • FOB stands for “freight on board.” The term is used to describe the point in a transaction where a product being shipped becomes the property of the buyer.
  • Once the goods are on the ship, the buyer is responsible for all the expenses, including customs, taxes, and other fees.
  • When you are shipping internationally, there may be documents which you first need to clear at customs.
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  • That inventory is now an asset on the buyer’s books, even though the shipment has not arrived yet.

Knowing how to handle freight charges can improve a business’s bottom line. Managers need to know how to record freight charges in accounting to make accurate financial projections and ongoing business decisions. To illustrate, suppose CBS sells 30 landline telephones at $150 each on credit at a cost of $60 per phone. On the sales contract, FOB Destination is listed as the shipping terms, and shipping charges amount to $120, paid as cash directly to the delivery service.

Freight On Board Shipping

Furthermore, FOB shipping point indicates that the buyer bears responsibility for freight costs. Furthermore, these factors lead to increase the risk of damage or loss of the goods, something else you must factor in your overall cost estimation when planning for international shipping. Note that the transport costs do not just cover the distance between the shipping point and a port in the country you are shipping them to .

The buyer assumes responsibility for the goods from the point of origin. Identify the time at which cost of goods sold is computed in a periodic inventory system as well as the recording made at the time of sale.

What Does Fob Mean In Freight?

Delivery Expense increases and Cash decreases for the delivery charge of $120. FOB saves buyers money and provides control, but CIF helps sellers have a higher profit. However, we recommend that new buyers use CIF as they get accustomed to the import process. • The freight hauler picks up and signs for the package, at which point the title of goods transfers to the buyer. FOB Origin is a much more common form of FOB, where buyers take all responsibility for the goods the moment they leave the seller’s hands. Depending on the FOB agreement stated on the purchase order, the above costs can be split or fully paid by one of the parties.

how to calculate fob shipping point

A periodic system only updates the general ledger when financial statements are prepared. Near the end of a reporting period, account balances can clearly be altered by the FOB designation. It is much easier to determine when title transfers by referring to the agreed upon terms and conditions of the transaction; typically, title passes with risk of loss. The transfer of title may occur at a different time than the FOB shipping term. The transfer of title is the element of revenue that determines who owns the goods and the applicable value. FOB Destination means that the ownership of the products transfer from the seller to the buyer only when the goods arrive at the buyer’s location, in good condition.

To further clarify, let’s assume that Claire’s Comb Company in the US purchases a container of The Wonder Comb from a supplier based in China. There are situations where you may be responsible for covering costs before your goods are on board. Once aboard, the rest of the journey from China is now both your liability and your expense.


If something goes wrong with a CIF shipment, buyers have a much harder time obtaining accurate shipping information because they don’t technically own the goods. Furthermore, buyers have to rely on the seller to provide the Importer Security Filing document; if buyers file this late, there are serious fines and penalties. This reliance on the seller can put buyers in a vulnerable position. Buyers don’t have to pay a high fee to their sellers as they might with CIF.

  • Any missing information will be confirmed, and the logistics company will reserve a spot on the designated ship for your cargo.
  • Buyers don’t have to pay a high fee to their sellers as they might with CIF.
  • Some sellers position shipping this way so that the cost of goods appears lower than the competitions’ prices.
  • Now that we understand what FOB is, let’s dive into another common phrase within shipping, Freight Collect.
  • In FOB Destination, Freight Prepaid & Add arrangements, the seller pays for the shipping costs but then passes on the cost to the buyer.
  • The buyer has to accept delivery of the products once they are dispatched.
  • Once the products leave their warehouse, sellers can mark the sale as “complete” and not worry about any additional costs or problems.

The amount and type of documentation vary depending on whether the shipment is within the United States or to another country. In some cases, a buyer may be able to debit an asset account when freight charges coincide with a fixed asset purchase. Discussing the freight cost with a licensed accountant can clarify this issue.

Fob Add

It plainly lays out how far along into the process the supplier will ensure that your goods are moved and at what point the buyer takes over the shipment process. If the seller of goods quotes a price that is FOB shipping point, the sale takes place when the seller puts the goods on a common carrier at the seller’s dock. Therefore, when the goods are being transported to the buyer, they are owned by the buyer and the buyer is responsible for the shipping costs. In the FOB agreement, the Buyer is responsible for any damage, loss, or rerouting costs after the goods are loaded onto the vessel.

how to calculate fob shipping point

As I have mentioned, the laws and documents and processes that impact on importation and exportation vary for different countries. On the other hand, it makes it possible for the goods to be sent to the buyer’s home, and the buyer does not even need to be present when they are delivered. The bill of lading is a legally binding document that the seller signs when delivering the goods to the carrier. Your quote will then cover everything after the goods are loaded onto the vessel, all the way to delivery at the address you specified. To remove this confusion, it is now recommended that the Incoterms’ use be stated explicitly together with the edition of the standard. For example, “FOB New York ” means that in this case, they are referring to the incoterms 2010 edition meaning of the term. As you can probably tell from what I have so far told you about FOB shipping point, it does not favor the buyer.

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Accountants typically label the charges as either FOB shipping point or FOB destination. FOB stands for “freight on board.” FOB shipping point requires the buyer to pay freight charges. FOB destination means the seller must pay the charges for shipping the assets. In other words, when you are shipping freight to your customers, the cost of making that delivery is an expense that comes out of your ledger as a debit. When you make a purchase and the supplier bills you for shipping, that is referred to as freight-in. With a FOB shipping point sale, the buyer assumes all responsibility and legal liability for the goods purchased. This means that the buyer is responsible for recording the sale at the point of transport within their accounts payable, meaning that an increase in their inventory has taken place.

Learn the meaning of merchandise and the types of merchandising companies. Know the different types of accounting information systems and how they differ from one another. Request a quotation from us, and we will send you a detailed shipping offer for your cargo. – sometimes forwarders will want to know if they will be handling the end-to-end aspect of the service, or if a local trucking company might take over. In most instances, it is best to have your freight forwarder handle everything, so you have less moving pieces to cause worry. Hearst Newspapers participates in various affiliate marketing programs, which means we may get paid commissions on editorially chosen products purchased through our links to retailer sites.

  • Free on board is accepted as a default contract so most buyers and sellers are comfortable with it.
  • The buyer should record the purchase, the account payable, and the increase in its inventory as of December 30 .
  • Understand how to find the cost of ending inventory using different methods.
  • Although FOB has long been stated as “Freight On Board” in sales contract terminology, this should be avoided as it does not precisely conform to the meaning of the acronym as specified in the UCC.
  • The two major FOB types are FOB shipping point and FOB destination, which we’ll discuss in depth below.
  • CIF or “cost insurance and freight” often holds primary ownership with the seller until delivery.

If a shipment is designated as FOB Shipping Point, the sale will be recorded in the accounting system as soon as the shipment leaves the seller’s dock. At the same time, the buyer will record in its accounting system that inventory is on route.

How To Calculate Fob Price In Import & Export?

The FOB destination point is a shipping term that refers to the sale of goods that would take place once a product reaches a buyer’s destination. This differs from the FOB shipping point in that the seller may be responsible for the shipping costs and any liabilities regarding the product for as long as those products remain in transport. With shipping, you may hear about the ship’s rail, and how costs or ownership transfer when it’s over the rail. That’s because the rail concept, as well as FOB, goes back to the early days of sailing ships.

What Is The Difference Between Fob Origin And Fob Destination?

To illustrate, assume that Rider Inc. begins the current year holding three Model XY-7 bicycles costing $260 each—$780 in total. During the period, another five units of this same model are acquired, again for $260 apiece or $1,300 in total.

Just like our users, you can build your ecommerce website with us and set specific shipping rules on your online store. On the screenshot image below, you will notice the shipping options that you can set prior to selling your products online. For example, on the shipping rule you can set it to flat rate per item, by order weight, or even store pickup. Truly, you can manage your shipping preferences for your products online.

Cost and freight obligates a seller to arrange sea transportation and provide the buyer the needed documents to retrieve the goods upon arrival. Investopedia requires writers to use primary sources to support their work. These include white papers, government data, original reporting, and interviews with industry experts. We also reference original research from other reputable publishers where appropriate. You can learn more about the standards we follow in producing accurate, unbiased content in oureditorial policy. This suggests that there is a difference between what the term implies and its actual accounting implementation. In FOB type of incoterm the buyer & seller both have equal flexibility and control in terms of the overheads cost control, freight cost control, and more.