Fixed Asset Turnover Ratio Formula Calculator, Example Excel Template


The average net fixed asset figure is calculated by summating the beginning and closing fixed assets, divided by 2. A system that began being used during the 1920s to evaluate divisional performance across a corporation, DuPont analysis calculates a company’s return on equity (ROE). Companies can artificially inflate their asset turnover ratio by selling off assets.

  1. The fixed asset turnover ratio is calculated by dividing net sales by the average balance of fixed assets of a period.
  2. The company’s performance is performing well, and the annual sale for 2016 is USD 50,000,000.
  3. The success of any company is largely based on its ability to effectively use its assets to generate sales.
  4. Instead of dividing net sales by total assets, the fixed asset turnover divides net sales by only fixed assets.

Companies with cyclical sales may have worse ratios in slow periods, so the ratio should be looked at during several different time periods. Additionally, management could be outsourcing production to reduce reliance on assets and improve its FAT ratio, while still struggling to maintain stable cash flows and other business fundamentals. Because the fixed asset ratio is best used as a comparative tool, it’s crucial that the same method of picking information is used across periods. The asset turnover ratio may be artificially deflated when a company makes large asset purchases in anticipation of higher growth.

The asset turnover ratio compares a company’s total average assets to its total sales. The ratio helps investors determine how efficiently a company is using its assets to generate sales. The term “Fixed Asset Turnover Ratio” refers to the operating performance metric that shows how efficiently a company utilizes its fixed assets (machinery and equipment) to generate sales. In other words, this ratio is used to determine the amount of dollar revenue generated by each dollar of available fixed assets. A low asset turnover ratio compared to the industry implies that either the company has invested too much capital into fixed assets, or its sales are not enough to meet fixed asset turnover industry standards.

Understanding Asset Turnover Ratio

The asset turnover ratio uses total assets instead of focusing only on fixed assets as done in the FAT ratio. Using total assets acts as an indicator of a number of management’s decisions on capital expenditures and other assets. The asset turnover ratio measures the value of a company’s sales or revenues relative to the value of its assets. The asset turnover ratio can be used as an indicator of the efficiency with which a company is using its assets to generate revenue.

Comparisons to the ratios of industry peers can gauge how a company fares against its competitors regarding its spending on long-term assets (i.e. whether it is more efficient or lagging behind peers). Fixed assets are tangible long-term or non-current assets used in the course of business to aid in generating revenue. These include fixed assets turnover ratio formula real properties, such as land and buildings, machinery and equipment, furniture and fixtures, and vehicles. Over 1.8 million professionals use CFI to learn accounting, financial analysis, modeling and more. Start with a free account to explore 20+ always-free courses and hundreds of finance templates and cheat sheets.

Company A reported beginning total assets of $199,500 and ending total assets of $199,203. Over the same period, the company generated sales of $325,300 with sales returns of $15,000. This shows that company X is more efficient in its use of assets to produce revenue.

Example of How to Use the Asset Turnover Ratio

Conversely, a lower ratio indicates the company is not using its assets as efficiently. Same with receivables – collections may take too long, and credit accounts may pile up. Fixed assets such as property, plant, and equipment (PP&E) could be unproductive instead of being used to their full capacity. Among the more important considerations for investors when evaluating a company is how efficiently it utilizes its assets to produce revenue. These companies have greater potential to grow and compound their earnings over time.

Another possibility was that the administrator invested in an area that did not increase the capacity of the bottleneck operation, resulting in no additional throughput. Suppose an industrials company generated $120 million in net revenue in the past year, with $40 million in PP&E. Yarilet Perez is an experienced multimedia journalist and fact-checker with a Master of Science in Journalism. She has worked in multiple cities covering breaking news, politics, education, and more. As it operates as a high technology company, most devices are the main operation, and the works are just a tiny part. For better analysis and assessment, the Fixed Assets that are not related to Sales or Sales that are not related to Fixed Assets should be excluded.

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It is the gross sales from a specific period less returns, allowances, or discounts taken by customers. When comparing the asset turnover ratio between companies, ensure the net sales calculations are being pulled from the same period. A high asset turnover ratio indicates a company that is exceptionally effective at extracting a high level of revenue from a relatively low number of assets.

Asset Turnover Ratio

He served clients, including presenting directly to C-level executives, in digital, strategy, M&A, and operations projects. For example, inventory purchases or hiring technical staff to service customers are cheaper than major Capex. We’ll now move to a modeling exercise, which you can access by filling out the form below.

This would be bad because it means the company doesn’t use fixed asset balance as efficiently as its competitors. Company A’s FAT ratio is 2 ($1,000/$500), while Company B’s ratio is 0.5 ($500/$1,000). This means that Company A uses fixed assets efficiently compared to Company B. It’s important to consider other parts of financial statements when reviewing current assets.

Companies with a high fixed asset ratio tend to be well-managed companies that are more effective at utilizing their investments in fixed assets to produce sales. The asset turnover ratio measures the efficiency of a company’s assets in generating revenue or sales. It compares the dollar amount of sales (revenues) to its total assets as an annualized percentage. Thus, to calculate the asset turnover ratio, divide net sales or revenue by the average total assets.

First, it assumes that additional sales are good, when in reality the true measure of performance is the ability to generate a profit from sales. Second, the ratio is only useful in the more capital-intensive industries, usually involving the production of goods. A services industry typically has a far smaller asset base, which makes the ratio less relevant. Third, a company may have chosen to outsource its production facilities, in which case it has a much lower asset base than its competitors. This can result in a much higher turnover level, even if the company is no more profitable than its competitors. And finally, the denominator includes accumulated depreciation, which varies based on a company’s policy regarding the use of accelerated depreciation.